Yes, there are.
You are doing 10 sets of 30 seconds with 5 kilo medicine balls each over the head (the famous Mickie Mouse), and legs going at a thousand revolutions, and each time that you reach 25 seconds in each series your legs begin to burn.
Having finished the drill, you go to the goal and feel that you have made a good effort with the legs, you need to continue warming up.
Why? Because you are a Type C goalkeeper.
There are very many types, including goalkeepers that from the same position in the water make a completely different jump than their peers, but, taking an overview, we can distinguish three. We will call them A, B and C.
As all photos of goalkeepers are obviously in the water so that we don’t see more than half the body, we suggest some clear examples out of the water.
NOTE: In the “Goalkeepers” video, they are not classified into these three classes, but class A predominates.
Type A – Cross Power
Type B – Full Power
Type C – Quick Power
These are only names, helpful for viewing the video.
Type A Goalkeepers
Look at the vertical position of the motorcyclist: it is pretty much the typical position of American goalkeepers, but also the typical position of new goalkeepers that we have already described and in our case (in Spain) it is the worst option to teach unless, obviously, the players is about 2 metres tall.
|Brandon Brookes||Craig Wilson||Gabor Nemes||Dan Hacket|
Examples in the “Goalkeepers” video: Brooks, Nemes.
Type B Goalkeepers
This is the best position for a goalkeeper who has the following physical characteristics: a great wingspan and a big physique with good coordination in and outside the water.
His almost foetal position allows him to make the most of his trunk when beginning a jump even before taking his arms out of the water.
Great arm power, helping him stay up during fakes with arms at shoulder width and without opening them much wider for fakes.
On the other hand, they are vulnerable to very technical shots, like a shot over the head or with a delay.
Their arm technique is usually very good.
Their technique with “hands in the water” is very good.
Technique with “hands out of the water” varies according to the individual, but, when correct, barely a ball goes into the net.
In the jump, there are two types:
Once the shot is made, some tend to contract their trunk again to cut down the angle of the shot. He is practically the perfect goalkeeper (taking into account his physical advantages). They have few flaws in their characteristics.
- Whilst others make a lateral jump, sacrificing the capability of cutting down the distance to the ball. These are vulnerable to bounce-shots when making a lateral jump.
|Sostar 1||Nicolai Maximov 1|
Examples in the “Goalkeepers” video: Sostar, Maximov
Their technique with hands out of the water is worse, so they give too many rebounds.
|Denis Sefik 2||Slodoban Soro 2|
Examples in the “Goalkeepers” video: Sefik, Soro
Type C Goalkeepers
This is the position advised for goalkeepers lacking height, because it allows them to reduce the angle further in the jump. The position of the knees is lower and the goalkeeper works in his initial position, more with abductors than with quadriceps or “femorals”.
Hence the answer to the example we gave at the beginning. With the medicine ball you are likely to work vertically: therefore you are working muscles that are used in the second part of the jump, but you are not working the main muscle used by these goalkeepers: the abductor.
In jumping, as with type B, the whole trunk is used and they further reduce the angle by crunching again. As a result of having the knees further back, the angle to reduce is greater.
With very fast hands, they need to work with lower weights than the previous type and more explosively, above all with reference to the shoulders.
Again there are two types:
- With a much more extended body as we have already described. Their tendency in response to a fake is to go forwards, making them vulnerable to lobs (here computer analysis comes in, or memorising the shots of players, as well as intuition) but good at penalties and close-range shots.
- The goalkeeper’s body position is between that of B and C and although their position seems semi-vertical, their technique is faster than type B’s, having a lighter physique, and they are good with lobs and at reducing the angle of the shot to a little less than the previous type; however they are a bit less assured with close-range shots and skip-shots.
|Jesus Rollan 1||Manel Silvestre 1|
Examples in the Goalkeepers video: Rollan, Silvestre
Examples in the Goalkeepers video: Andreo, Aguilar, Attolico
Understand where we are now and what is the typical state of players in our country. (Although there are always exceptions).
There are significant medical studies on the growth of the individual in both height and wingspan, at an early age.
Introduce stimulating technical routines, correct, teach and back up what we explain with discussion.
Choose carefully the type of goalkeeper that we want to instruct, whether:
- He already is an extremely big individual.
- Or maybe he lacks motor skills or coordination in his movements (in and out of the water).
- Or maybe even look at his parents to see what he might end up like.
Observe his weaknesses and insist on correcting them in training.
Don’t forget that in doing shooting drills, we are already working the goalkeeper. The goalkeeper also needs players to be at his service in specific drills.
Be sure that anything that is not corrected now, will be technical issues that will always hold them back and will be more difficult to correct later.